THE ROUTE TO EVEREST
Everyone has heard of the Himalayas and Mount Everest in particular. Yet most everyone has only a vague understanding of the most famous and highest mountain range on earth, and where the great mountains among them are in relation to each other.
Over the next three weeks, your understanding will become clear, no longer vague. This week, we’ll explore the route to Everest.
The Himalayas form a 1,500 mile-long arc from Namche Barwa in Chinese Tibet in the east to Nanga Parbat in Pakistan in the west. But it is in the center of the arc, in Nepal (bordered in white) that the great Himalayan giants are found, including Mount Everest.
This week, we’ll explore the route to Everest and its sister peak of Lhotse via Cho Oyu in Nepal. From Cho Oyu flows the largest glacier in the Nepali Himalayas, the giant Ngozumpa Glacier which has a series of beautiful lakes, the Gokyo Lakes, alongside. That’s what you see in the photo above.
Looking to your right, you see the fifth Gokyo Lake and the source of the Ngozumpa, the 6th highest mountain on earth at 8,201 meters, Cho Oyu, the Turquoise Goddess in Tibetan. Up close, the sight is overwhelming.
With the south face of the Turquoise Goddess in front of you, if you look to the right past the head of Ngozumpa, you’ll see two peaks with clouds streaming off their summits: Mount Everest and Lhotse.
Flying in our high-altitude helicopters straight for Everest, skirting the border with Tibet, we can see the Tibetan North Face of Everest on the left and the Nepal Southwest Face on the right. The Everest West Ridge running down between them is the Tibet-Nepal border.
Closer, we peer into Tibet, glimpsing Everest’s satellite peak of Changtse and the notch of the North Col between them. To climb Everest in Tibet, you ascend to the North Col from the other side in the photo, then the Northeast Ridge, which you can see entirely on the horizon.
Closer and looking down, we see the famous Khumbu Ice Fall spilling out of the high valley, called the Western Cwm, below Everest’s Nepali side, and curving into the Khumbu Glacier. On the outside of that curve is Everest Base Camp. Note that you can only see these views of Everest from a high-altitude helicopter.
Here, we are landing on the helipad at the base of the Khumbu Ice Fall. The huge mountain above is not Everest itself, merely the Everest West Shoulder.
Yet, even though you can’t see Everest itself, nor Lhotse, from Everest-Lhotse Base Camp, it is still an extraordinary experience to be there.
To orient ourselves, here’s a satellite photo.
We are looking from Nepal into Chinese Tibet, with the sunny Southwest Face in Nepal, the shaded East or Kangshung Face in Tibet, the North Face and the Rongbuk glacier in partial shade in Tibet, the Lhotse-Nuptse Walls facing us in the sun all in Nepal, and the shaded bowl between them and the Southwest Face is the Western Cwm. Lhotse’s summit is above the apex of the bowl covered in a small cloud.
One way to visualize it is to cup your right hand horizontally into a reverse “C.” The first knuckle of your index finger is the summit of Everest. The first knuckle of your thumb is the summit of Lhotse. In the web between them is the South Col. The second knuckle of your thumb is the summit of Nuptse. Inside the C is the Western Cwm. The Khumbu Ice Fall spills out of the Western Cwm and doglegs around into the Khumbu glacier.
The climbing route is over the Ice Fall, up the Western Cwm, scale the Lhotse Face to the South Col at 26,300 ft. Then ascend up the Southeast Ridge to the summit at 8,848m/29,029 ft, the highest on earth.
No trekker ever sees any of this, as his view is blocked by the Lhotse-Nuptse Wall and Everest’s West Shoulder. The only way for a non-climber to do so is with me! We fly above the Ice Fall at 22,000 ft into the Western Cwm, with the entire Southwest Face of Everest on the left, Lhotse – the world’s 4th highest – straight ahead, and the north flank of Nuptse on the right.
It is a sight few people have ever seen, a sight that stays treasured within you for the rest of your life.
Exiting the Western Cwm over the Khumbu’s dogleg, we fly down the Khumbu Glacier to see Nuptse on our left.
Then along the Nuptse-Lhotse Wall to get up close and personal with Lhotse (8,516m/27,940ft). From summit to base, the South Face drops 11,000 feet straight down.
Our route ends with a landing at the Tengboche Monastery. That’s Ama Dablam, the Matterhorn of the Himalayas, in the near distance, and the Lhotse-Nuptse Wall in the far, with the summit of Everest barely sticking out behind.
Believe it or not, that small distant view of Mount Everest is all a trekker, spending two weeks of extraordinary effort hiking to the base camp and back, ever sees of the world’s highest and most famous mountain on earth. Here it is by telephoto.
Tengboche is Tibetan Buddhist of the Nyingmapa (Red Hat) school, the original form of Tibetan Buddhism founded by Padmasambhava around 750 AD. Being in the presence of Mount Everest is a spiritual experience for many. It’s only appropriate we end our Route to Everest here.
Next week we’ll continue exploring the Himalaya’s greatest mountains. If you want to explore them for real with me this coming April, click here for details to join the Himalaya Helicopter Expedition and have the greatest one-week adventure possible on earth today.
Carpe diem. Life is short. The time for a great adventure is now.